In a professional swimming competition, the difference between first and second place can come down to thousandths of a second. Swimmers try to gain any advantage they can, and in 2007 Speedo developed a new suit to help. This suit claimed to eliminate 5% of the drag (resistance of the water on the body) when compared to other suits. The Speedo suit broke countless world records between 2007 and 2009, including 43 at the 2009 World Championships in Rome, Italy. In 2009 the swimming governing body banned the suits, to even the playing field.
Read the basics of swimsuit technology.
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While overall enjoyment of sport participation and experiences of optimum psychological state do not appear to depend on the type of sport, research in the field of sports psychology has yielded some significant differences between athletes in individual and team sports, especially in terms of sources of motivation, coaching, and training.
Read more the basic psychology of team or individuals sports or understand the technical psychological aspects.
Articles by Alycia Parnell.
Articles by Kenny Morley.
Human genetics can play a major role in determining an athlete’s potential. Genetic information is passed from parent to child and is stored within human cells in the form of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). An individual’s DNA influences attributes such as height and weight and can help to determine if an individual has a predisposition towards athleticism. Genes play a major role in body type and athletic ability, but an athlete must also work hard to realize his/her potential.
Learn the basics of genes and athletic potential or read the more technical biological background.
Articles by Jamie Saunders.